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This time we are writing about Friedrich Nietzsche, have you heard about him?
Considered the founder of modern ATHEISM.
Friedrich Nietzsche’s nihilistic belief system denounced all religions as a tool of society and promoted the acquisition of power as the only worthwhile goal in life.
I won’t write you a whole book about him, but i found his story very interesting and I want to share some of it with you.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Born October 15 1844 in Rocken Germany.
Hi father was Karl Nietzsche, a Lutheran pastor and the last of a long line of clergymen, the reason I am mention him is because he died when Friedrich was just 5 and this was the first of a long line of severely traumatic events that isolated F.N. from interacting with other people.
Nietzsche was raised by his mother, sister, two aunts and grandmother.
When he got older, he was sent to boarding school where he struggled with constant bouts of illness and isolation from his classmates (He was a top student, but this only pushed him farther away from social interactions.)
As he continued his formal education at the university in Leipzig, F.N. was strongly influenced by Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophical theories on human will.
Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts as a last resource pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and happy to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority.
As well as the view he had on women. (Although Arthur Schopenhauer was a brilliant man, he is also know of having a low opinion on women, as you can see in the quotes below)
“Every woman while she would be ready to die of shame if surprised in the act of generation, nonetheless carries her pregnancy without a trace of shame and indeed with a kind of pride. The reason is that pregnancy is in a certain sense a cancellation of the guilt incurred by coitus; thus coitus bears all the shame and disgrace of the affair, while pregnancy, which is so intimately associated with it, stays pure and innocent and is indeed to some extent sacred…”
“Women remain children all their lives, for they always see only what is near at hand, cling to the present, take the appearance of a thing for reality, and prefer trifling matters to the most important….”
“One need only look at a woman’s shape to discover that she is not intended for either too much mental or too much physical work. She pays the debt of life not by what she does but by what she suffers—by the pains of child bearing care for the child, and by subjection to man, to whom she should be a patient and cheerful companion. The greatest sorrows and joys or great exhibition of strength are not assigned to her; her life should flow more quietly, more gently, and less obtrusively than man’s, without her being essentially happier or unhappier…”
“Women are directly adapted to act as the nurses and educators of our early childhood, for the simple reason that they themselves are childish, foolish, and short-sighted—in a word, are big children all their lives, something intermediate between the child and the man, who is a man in the strict sense of the word. Consider how a young girl will toy day after day with a child, dance with it and sing to it; and then consider what a man, with the very best intentions in the world, could do in her place…”
What do you think?
Back to Friedrich Nietzsche, on 1867 he enlisted in the Prussian army to fight the Austrians, but due to his pessimistic nature (not to mention constant illnesses and weak body) he was a “pathetic” soldier. He injured himself severely multiple times, one of them while learning to mount a horse. So he went back to school.
Nietzsche was offered a job as a teacher at the University of Basel, which he accepted.
At the time, this particular university was known to be a place where German thinkers with similar “neo-Nazi” ideology would gather. It was also the alma mater for many other accomplished people, such as Carl Gustav Jung the psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. (Do you know about him?)
While working as a teacher on the University of Basel, Nietzsche met the composer Richard Wagner, who Nietzsche worshipped and the primary influencer of his first work “The birth of tragedy” (1872) which was pretty much praising Wagner and his thinking.
However by 1876 Nietzscheended all contact with Wagner due to his anti-Semitic beliefs and demand for mindless worship, similar to the traits many Germans idolized and had right before the start of World War II.
Friedrich Nietzsche published more than a dozen of books on philosophy, some examples are;
“Human, all too Human” (1878)
In this book Nietzsche rejected Schopenhauer’s theories and wrote that the human will is rooted entirely in the pursuit of survival and pleasure.
“The Dawn: Thoughts on Moral Prejudice” (1880)
In this book Nietzsche stated that Christianity was created for no other purpose than as a tool of society for controlling the masses.
“The Gay Science” (1882)
In this book, to no one’s surprise, he stated that God was death and truth did not exist.
“Thus Spake Zarathustra” (1883)
This was his most popular book, in which he continues to state his ideals. He discussed that the man who wishes to be a “superman” must gain power and reject fear by overcoming his own failures and shortcomings.
“Beyond Good and Evil” (1886)
“On the Genealogy of Morals” (1887)
These books continue to spout Nietzsche’s hatred toward Christianity and his promotion of subjective morality (Where “you” decide what’s right and wrong), and outright nihilism, if you do not know what this means, as stated by him it was the wonderful belief that existence is meaningless.
“The Case of Wagner” (1888)
In this book, Nietzsche referred to his former idol and mentor as a puppet of the German masses, as quoted on his book; “a mouthpiece of hatred and idiocy, a sickness released on the world”.
His books were often considered as depressing and pessimistic toward life and human purpose.
On the early 1890’s, Nietzsche’s mental and physical health began to decline, so he began working on his autobiography “Ecce Homo”.
Many were attracted by the catchy chapter titles like:
- “Why am I so Clever?”
- “Why am I so Wise?”
- “Why I Write Such Good Books”
He was a very “unique” person, as you can see from the info above…his tragic life continued.
As his health continue to decay, Nietzsche spent the next couple years in a pool of delusional grandeur and psychotic paranoia, he had to re learn to write simple things, such as spelling his own name.
Along with all his physical maladies, he suffered from a recurring nightmare that his father would rise from the grave and kill him.
He died of is third stroke, on august 25 of 1900, in Weimar, Germany.
To add to his “tragedy” his sister Elizabeth gave him a proper Christian burial and became the curator and editor of her brother’s manuscripts, reworking Nietzsche’s unpublished writings to fit her own German nationalist ideology while often contradicting or obfuscating his stated opinions, which were explicitly opposed to anti-Semitism and nationalism.
Through her published editions, Nietzsche’swork became associated with fascism andNazism
I enjoyed reading about him, someone whom was able to bluntly state his beliefs and thoughts, it’s admirable, and he truly expressed his beliefs as pessimistic as they sound for some. We can learn a thing or two. He inspired many 20th century scholars who contested the interpretation of his work and corrected editions of his writings.
His thought enjoyed renewed popularity in the 1960s, and his ideas have since had a profound impact on 20th and early-21st century thinkers across philosophy—especially in schools of continental philosophy such as existentialism, postmodernism, and post-structuralism, as well as art, literature, psychology, politics, and popular culture
What do you think? Pretty cool man wasn’t he?
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