Welcome to another OddLearning post!

Today we will write about the 20 most dangerous drugs.

You are probably familiar with the names of illegal drugs (cocaine, heroin, methadone, etc..) as we often hear of them on the news, or tv shows with a crime setting.

But did you know that over 50% of the most dangerous drugs are legalized?

We will list both legal and illegal drugs, they are:

  1. Amphetamine
    • Amphetamine is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. Amphetamine is also used as an athletic performance enhancer and cognitive enhancer, and recreationally as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant. It is a prescription drug in many countries.
  2. Ativan (Lorazepam)
    • Lorazepam, sold under the brand name Ativan among others, is a benzodiazepine medication. It is used to treat anxiety disorders, trouble sleeping, active seizures including status epilepticus, alcohol withdrawal, and chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting, as well as for surgery to interfere with memory formation and to sedate those who are being mechanically ventilated.
  3. Cocaine
    • Cocaine is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug. It is commonly snorted, inhaled as smoke, or as a solution injected into a vein. Mental effects may include loss of contact with reality, an intense feeling of happiness, or agitation. Physical symptoms may include a fast heart rate, sweating, and large pupils. High doses can result in very high blood pressure or body temperature.
  4. Codeine
    • Codeine is an opiate used to treat pain, as a cough medicine, and for diarrhea. It is typically used to treat mild to moderate degrees of pain.Common side effects include vomiting, constipation, itchiness, lightheadedness, and drowsiness. Serious side effects may include breathing difficulties and addiction.
  5. Darvon (Dextropropoxyphene)
    • Dextropropoxyphene is an analgesic in the opioid category,  It is intended to treat mild pain and also has antitussive (cough suppressant) and local anaesthetic effects. The drug has been taken off the market in Europe and the US due to concerns of fatal overdoses and heart arrhythmias. D-Propoxyphene has been proven to be no more effective than an aspirin, down side to it is that one can become addicted to it.
  6. Hashish
    • Hashish is a drug made from cannabis. While herbal cannabis is referred to as marijuana, hashish is cannabis resin. It is consumed by smoking a small piece, typically in a pipe, bong, vaporizer or joint, or via oral ingestion. As hashish is a derivative of cannabis, it has the same substance properties.
  7. Heroin
    • Heroin is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects. Medically it is used in several countries to relieve pain or in opioid replacement therapy. Common side effects include respiratory depression (decreased breathing), dry mouth, euphoria, and addiction. Other side effects can include abscesses, infected heart valves, blood borne infections, constipation, and pneumonia.
  8. Klonopin (Clonazepam)
    • Clonazepam, sold under the brand name Klonopin is a medication used to prevent and treat seizures, panic disorder, and for the movement disorder known as akathisia. Common side effects include sleepiness, poor coordination, and agitation. Long-term use may result in tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms if stopped abruptly. Dependence occurs in one-third of people who take clonazepam for longer than four weeks. It may increase risk of suicide in people who are depressed.
  9. Librium (Chlordiazepoxide)
    • Chlordiazepoxide, trade name Librium, is a sedative and hypnotic medication used to treat anxiety, insomnia and withdrawal symptoms from alcohol and/or drug abuse. The drug has amnesic, anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Chlordiazepoxide is indicated for the short-term (2–4 weeks) treatment of anxiety that is severe and disabling or subjecting the person to unacceptable distress. It is also indicated as a treatment for the management of acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
  10. LSD
    • Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), also known as acid, is a psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects, which may include altered awareness of one’s surroundings, perceptions, and feelings as well as sensations and images that seem real though they are not. It is used mainly as a recreational drug and for spiritual reasons. LSD is not usually addictive. However, adverse psychiatric reactions such as anxiety, paranoia, and delusions are possible.
  11. Marijuana
    • Cannabis, also known as marijuana is a psychoactive drug intended for medical or recreational use. Cannabis is often used for its mental and physical effects, such as a “high” or “stoned” feeling, a general change in perception, euphoria (heightened mood), and an increase in appetite. Short-term side effects may include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills, red eyes, and feelings of paranoia or anxiety. Long-term side effects may include addiction, decreased mental ability in those who started as teenagers, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy.
  12. Methadone 
    • Methadone, sold under the brand name Dolophine is an opioid used to treat pain and as maintenance therapy or to help with tapering in people with opioid dependence. Methadone is a synthetic narcotic used to replace heroine, more toxic and deadlier that his predecessor. Side effects are dizziness, sleepiness, vomiting, and sweating. Abnormal heart rhythms may also occur due to a prolonged QT interval. Risks are greater with higher doses. Methadone is made by chemical synthesis and acts on opioid receptors.
  13. Methamphetamine
    • Methamphetamine is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity. In low doses, methamphetamine can elevate mood, increase alertness, concentration and energy in fatigued individuals, reduce appetite, and promote weight loss. At higher doses, it can induce psychosis, breakdown of skeletal muscle, seizures and bleeding in the brain.
  14. Benzodiazepines
    • Benzodiazepines are a class of psychoactive drugs, they work as sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, and muscle relaxant properties. Benzodiazepines are generally viewed as safe and effective for short-term use, although cognitive impairment and paradoxical effects such as aggression, agitation, panic or behavioral disinhibition occasionally occur. Benzodiazepines are also associated with increased risk of suicide.
  15. Oxycodone 
    • Oxycodone is a moderately potent opioid pain medication roughly 1.5 times more potent than morphine, generally indicated for relief of moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone is very similar to a narcotic and is highly addictive, you can find it combined with acetaminophen a.k.a Tylenol, or Percocet and Tylox or with aspirin in percodan. Oxycodone is one of the drugs abused in the current opioid epidemic in the United States. Serious side effects of oxycodone include reduced sensitivity to pain, euphoria, anxiolysis, feelings of relaxation, and respiratory depression not to mention constipation, nausea, vomiting, somnolence, dizziness, itching, dry mouth, and sweating. In high doses, overdoses, or in some persons not tolerant to opioids, oxycodone can cause shallow breathing, slowed heart rate, cold/clammy skin, pauses in breathing, low blood pressure, constricted pupils, circulatory collapse, respiratory arrest, and death.
  16. PCP (Phencyclidine)
    • Phencyclidine (PCP), also known as angel dust is a drug used for its mind altering effects. It may result in images that seem real though are not, distorted sounds, and violent behavior. Adverse effects may include seizures, coma, addiction, and an increased risk of suicide. Flashbacks may occur despite stopping usage.
  17. Restoril (Temazepam)
    • Temazepam, known as Restoril or Normison is an hypnotic of the benzodiazepine class of psychoactive drugs. In the US, temazepam is approved for the short-term treatment of insomnia. In addition, temazepam has anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. A 1993 British study found temazepam to have the highest number of deaths per million prescriptions among medications commonly prescribed in the 1980s. Similar to other benzodiazepines and non benzodiazepine hypnotic drugs, it causes impairments in body balance and standing steadiness, fall and hip fractures are frequently reported.
  18. Tussionex (Hydrocodone)
    • Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opioid synthesized from codeine. Used to treat moderate to severe pain and as an antitussive to treat cough. Common side effects of hydrocodone are  nausea, vomiting, constipation, drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, anxiety, abnormally happy or sad mood, dry throat, difficulty urinating, rash, itching, and narrowing of the pupils. Serious side effects include slowed or irregular breathing and chest tightness. Symptoms of hydrocodone overdose include narrowed or widened pupils; slow, shallow, or stopped breathing; slowed or stopped heartbeat; cold, clammy, or blue skin; excessive sleepiness; loss of consciousness; seizures; or death.
  19. Valium (Diazepam)
    • Diazepam is a medication of the benzodiazepine family that typically produces a calming effect. It is commonly used to treat a range of conditions including anxiety, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, muscle spasms, seizures, trouble sleeping, and restless legs syndrome. Serious side effects are rare, but they include suicide, decreased breathing, and an increased risk of seizures if used too frequently in those with epilepsy.
  20. Xanax (Alprazolam)
    • Alprazolam, available under the trade name Xanax, is a potent, short-acting minor tranquilizer. It is commonly used for the treatment of anxiety disorders, panic disorders, or social anxiety disorder. Possible side effects include; amnesia, concentration problems, slurred speech, disinhibition, drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, fatigue, unsteadiness and impaired coordination, vertigo, dry mouth, hallucinations, skin rash, respiratory depression, Suicidal ideation or suicide and urinary retention.

The drugs most likely to be abused are painkillers, sedatives, tranquilizers and stimulants.

Now let me ask you; When you hear of substance abuse, what comes to your mind? A homeless person?

Gang member? Troubled teenagers? Careless celebrities?

Or how about, a friend? the top student? a family member? your loved ones?

We still have a terrible misconception of Drug abuse.

Almost half of the drug overdose cases reported in hospitals are actually caused by legalized drugs a.k.a prescription medication.

You already that know these “drugs” after all you can acquire them with a physician’s prescription, or not even with that, you can buy them in the pharmacy section of any grocery store.

Most of the cases of addiction to these addictive and conscious altering drugs are involuntary.

No one plans to treat a condition or a mental illness to improve their way of living, just to become a victim of the secondary effects, and become addicted to drugs.

One would think such cases couldn’t be possible, after all the ones prescribing such medications are people specialized in the field. But it still happens.

They all have the potential of becoming abused drugs to anyone that develops addiction to them.

Many have the misconception that prescription drug abuse is uncommon, but according to the 2011 National Household Survey on Drug abuse, 16.6 million Americans are abusing either alcohol or illicit drugs and another 6+ million are the ones abusing prescription drugs, some countries are in worse state and the surveys held are kept on the dark to not make the public panic.

The ones with higher risk for prescription drug abuse are elderly people, they tend to be more sensitive to the effects of drugs.

Around 20 million people over the age of 12 have used one or more psychotherapeutic drugs for nonmedical purposes at some point.

If you are struggling with addiction to any type of this drugs, legal or illegal please seek help and if you aren’t but you know someone who is addicted be supportive and encourage them to seek help. As we mentioned above many become addicted involuntarily trying to treat other conditions.

 

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Most Importantly, Take care of your health!!

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